When you are a teenager, it is usual to have a few pimples here and there. However, if you have large red and painful acne outbreaks deep in your skin, it could mean that you have developed cystic acne. If these breakouts are not treated, they can affect large areas of your skin and leave permanent damage. Do not wait until they become unbearable since most of them can linger for years and when they eventually burst, they will leave permanent scars. If you want to discover the best treatment for cystic acne and what causes it in the first place, keep reading.
What Is Cystic Acne?
Generally, a pimple is formed when a pore in your skin is clogged with dead skin cells. Other times, bacteria are trapped inside the pore causing the affected area to become red and swollen. Cystic acne will occur when this infection goes deep into your skin to create a red tender bump filled with pus. Most of these bumps will itch or hurt, and others do not itch very much, which is why a lot of people do not get treatment for cystic acne when they should. If this kind of a cyst bursts, the infection spreads causing more acne breakouts.
Who Can Get Cystic Acne?
This condition can affect anyone but it is more common in teenage boys and young men in their early twenties. Although this has not been proven medically, there does seem to be a link to genetics as well. So, if your parents had this condition you are more likely to experience severe acne yourself. Keep in mind that women can also develop cystic acne as well.
Causes of Cystic Acne
Medical experts have not stated its exact cause but they believe that hormones referred as androgens pay a crucial part in the development of cystic acne. When you become a teenager, the levels of androgen increase leading to changes in your skin, which results in clogged pores and acne. In women, hormone changes that are brought by menstrual cycles, menopause, pregnancy or a condition referred to as the polycystic ovary syndrome can lead to the development of these cystic acne. Medical professionals also believe that cystic acne is caused by the same factors that lead to development of other forms of acne. These factors include but are not limited to overactive oil glands and excess dead skin cells with the hair follicles.
Best Treatment for Cystic Acne
There are very many over the counter treatments that work well on milder acne but they seem to have very little effect on cystic acne. The first thing you should do is consult your dermatologist to find out what the best treatment is for your skin condition. They may recommend one or more of the following treatments:
- Oral antibiotics – These antibiotics can help in controlling the bacteria and lower inflammation. Sometimes this kind of acne does not respond to the antibiotics or you may find that they do not work well after a few years. If this is the case, continue to consult your dermatologist for more ideas.
- Birth control pills – Sometimes, these pills help some women by regulating their hormones
- Isotretinoin – Isotretinoin formerly referred to as Accutane is an effective pill that attacks many types of acne. You can take this pill once or twice a day for a period of five months. This pill works for most people and can clear the skin completely. If it reoccurs, you can repeat the treatment. CAUTION: If you are pregnant, do not take these pills. In addition, you should avoid becoming pregnant while taking this drug.
- Spironolactone – This medication helps the human body get rid of unneeded water but also works as a hormone blocker.
- Over-The-Counter Treatments – If you don’t have access to a dermatologist, or maybe you just prefer to stick with something that is readily available, the following treatments may be able to help:
If you suspect that you have cystic acne, do not pick or touch them because you may cause the infection to go deeper into the skin or make it spread. You should also try to relax since stress can make your body release hormones that makes acne worse. Finally follow a healthy lifestyle by getting plenty of sleep and exercise.
Disclaimer – Please keep in mind that we are not dermatologists here at Acne Help Today. The information we posted above on the best treatment for cystic acne and its causes was posted for informational purposes only. Please consult your doctor and/or dermatologist regarding you health/acne issues.